What is an Emergency Room Nurse [ER]? : Detailed Info

Emergency room nurses are incredibly important members of the healthcare team. They provide a crucial link between the patient and the doctor, ensuring that medical orders are carried out properly and timely. ER nurses must possess a wide variety of skills to excel in their field. We will discuss all the details in the post in a detailed way.

What is a and ER [Emergency Room] Nurse?

An Emergency Room (ER) nurse is a registered nurse or advanced practice nurse who provides medical care in an emergency department. ER nurses provide care for patients with traumatic injuries, illnesses and other conditions that require urgent medical attention. They are responsible for assessing the patient’s condition quickly and accurately, stabilizing them if necessary, administering medications as prescribed, performing emergency procedures, and providing comfort to the patient and their family.

How is a day in the Life of an Emergency Room Nurse?

5.30: The ER nurse begins their shift by checking in with the charge nurse to get an overview of what is going on in the emergency department.

6.00: The ER nurse takes report from the outgoing shift and assesses the condition of all patients currently receiving treatment in triage.

7.30: The ER nurse checks in on the patients who were triaged first and begins to assess the severity of their condition.

8.30: The ER nurse administers medications as prescribed by the doctor, monitoring the vital signs of each patient throughout.

9.00: The ER nurse assists with emergency procedures such as intubation or suturing of lacerations.

10.30: The ER nurse helps to transfer patients the emergency department who require further care in a specialty unit or long-term care facility.

11.30: The ER nurse assists with any remaining procedures and orders for the day, such as x-rays or laboratory tests.

12.00: The ER nurse prepares to end their shift by checking in on any patients who are new admissions and providing a summary of the patient’s condition to the incoming shift.

12.30: The ER nurse signs off for the day, documenting all treatments they administered and reporting any observations regarding a patient’s condition.

13.00: The ER nurse leaves the emergency department after a busy day of providing critical care to patients in need.

Note: Above routine is just for example and it can vary according the shifts and work hours.

What Unit is Emergency Room Nurse?

Emergency Room nurses typically work in the Emergency Department of a hospital. The Emergency Department is usually staffed by emergency physicians, nurses, paramedics, respiratory therapists and other medical professionals who provide specialized care for urgent medical conditions. They also collaborate with other departments within the hospital to ensure that patients receive the best possible treatment.

What are the Responsibilities of an ER Nurse?

An ER nurse is responsible for providing medical care and assessment to patients in the emergency room. They are often the first line of medical care, responding to a variety of medical emergencies ranging from minor injuries to life-threatening conditions. The specific responsibilities of an ER nurse can include:

• Assessing and stabilizing patients by obtaining vital signs, performing physical examinations, and administering medications.

• Developing effective treatment plans for patients and communicating the plan to other medical staff.

• Monitoring patient’s condition and providing updates to physicians as needed.

• Ensuring that all equipment is functioning correctly and properly monitoring the use of medication.

• Assisting in procedures such as intubation, wound care and suturing.

• Providing emotional support to patients and their families during difficult times.

• Keeping accurate records of patient assessments, treatments provided, and medications administered.

• Maintaining a safe environment for patients by following safety protocols.

• Educating patients about medical conditions and treatments, proper nutrition, wellness tips, and other healthcare topics.

• Collaborating with physicians and other health professionals to provide the highest quality of care.

• Performing additional duties as requested by physicians or supervisors.

The main goal of an ER nurse is to ensure that all patients receive the best possible care in the most efficient and effective manner.

How to Become Emergency Room Nurse?

Educational Eligibility

To become an ER nurse, you must have at least a diploma or associate degree in nursing. Many employers prefer applicants with a bachelor’s degree in nursing. Additionally, many states require that ER nurses possess specialized certifications related to emergency care such as the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) certification and the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) certification.

Licensing and Certification

All nurses must obtain a valid license to practice nursing in their state. Requirements for licensing vary by state, but typically, you must complete an accredited program and successfully pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX). Some states may also require additional examinations or certifications.


ER nurses typically need to have at least one year of experience as an RN prior to assuming roles in the ER. During this time, they can gain valuable knowledge and develop skills needed for providing emergency care. Additionally, employers may require that ER nurses possess additional certifications such as those related to pediatric or cardiac care.

Essential Skills

ER nurses need to possess a number of skills when providing medical care in the ER.

  • These skills include:
  • Decision-making skills in order to respond quickly and appropriately to medical emergencies.
  • Excellent communication skills when interacting with patients and other medical personnel.
  • Critical thinking skills to quickly evaluate a patient’s condition and decide on the best course of action.
  • Physical dexterity and strength to perform physical assessments and medical procedures.
  • Knowledge of the latest technology and equipment used in emergency care.
  • Ability to stay organized and prioritize tasks during fast-paced emergency situations.

If you possess these skills, have the required educational qualifications, and are passionate about providing quality care to patients in need, then a career as an ER nurse can be

Pros and Cons of Emergency Room Nurse


  • Working in the ER allows you to provide care to a variety of patients on a daily basis.
  • ER nurses gain valuable experience and develop strong clinical skills while providing emergency care.
  • You have the opportunity to collaborate with other healthcare professionals and make a difference in someone’s life.


  • ER nurses must be able to handle stressful and chaotic situations on a regular basis.
  • ER shifts can be long and demanding, often requiring nurses to work nights, weekends, and holidays.
  • The hours can be unpredictable and the workload may be intense at times.
  • Working in the ER requires physical strength as well as the ability to think quickly and make decisions under pressure.
  • ER nurses may also be exposed to a variety of diseases, infections, and hazardous materials.

Salary of Emergency Room Nurse

According to PayScale, the average salary of an ER nurse is approximately $63,000 per year. Salaries may vary depending on factors such as location, experience level, and type of facility. For example, those working in government facilities tend to earn higher salaries than those employed in hospitals or private offices. Additionally, nurses with more experience and specialized certifications may earn higher salaries than those with less experience or fewer qualifications.

Job Outlook

The job outlook for ER nurses is very positive. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the employment of registered nurses will grow 12 percent from 2020 to 2029, which is much faster than average. The increasing demand for emergency care is expected to create a need for more ER nurses in the coming years.


What is the role of nurses during emergency?

The role of nurses during emergency is to assess and stabilize patients, develop effective treatment plans, monitor patient’s condition, assist in medical procedures and provide emotional support. They also keep accurate records of patient assessments and treatments provided.

Who is an emergency patient?

An emergency patient is a person who has a sudden or serious medical condition that requires urgent care. This includes injuries, illnesses, and life-threatening conditions such as heart attack or stroke.

Who is the nurse in ambulance?

The nurse in an ambulance is usually a certified emergency medical technician (EMT) or paramedic who has specialized training in providing medical care in the pre-hospital setting. They are responsible for assessing and stabilizing patients, providing medications, and coordinating with hospitals to ensure that the patient receives appropriate care.

Final Thoughts

Emergency Room Nurses are critical to providing the best care possible for patients in emergency situations. It is an exciting and rewarding career that requires specialized training, knowledge, and skills. If you possess the necessary qualifications and have a passion for helping others, then a career as an ER nurse could be right for you. With the expected growth of the job market, there will be plenty of opportunities available for those who have the right qualifications and experience.

Leave a Comment